By K.E. Michelson

This paintings relies on my 1983 doctoral dissertation submitted to the dep. of Linguistics at Harvard collage, even though it represents an intensive revision and reorganization of that paintings. quite a lot of fabric that weren't inside the unique were further, and elements that handle theoretical concerns that, at the very least in the mean time, have receded into the heritage, were passed over. Many colleagues and neighbors have contributed to my sustained fascina­ tion with in addition to my knowing of lroquoian linguistics. to begin with, i'm thankful to the Iroquois who've contributed their profound knowl­ facet and their friendship in the course of my examine: Elda Antone, Mercy Doxtator, Dayton Doxtator, Reg Henry, Frank Natawe, the overdue Georgina Nicholas, Catherine Norton, Mike Norton. the past due Sanford Schenandoah, and Norma Sickles. I additionally deeply have fun with being a part of a close-knit and supportive neighborhood of lroquoian linguists, and particularly I thank Cliff Abbott, Wallace Chafe, Mike Foster, Marianne Mithun, and Hanni Woodbury for delivering reviews at the dissertation. i've got additionally benefited from, and cost hugely, super stimulating conversations with Floyd Lounsbury within the previous couple of years. The effect of my advisers and associates could be obvious through the paintings. I thank specially Nick Clements, Ives Goddard, Jochem Schindler, Robin Barr, Harry Bochner, Brian Doherty, Mark Hale, and Phil LeSourd.

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One additional suffix, the purposive, occurs only after the dis locative and indicates intent to carry out the action. It is sometimes classified as an additional aspectual category (Chafe, 1967, p. 25). The postaspectual suffixes include the former past, the remote past, 48 CHAPTER 2 the modalizer or continuative (with an obligatory future or optative prepronominal prefix), and the progressive. These produce additional aspectual distinctions. The continuative is added to the habitual or stative aspect suffixes, and the progressive is added to the stative aspect suffix to form complex verb stems; these complex stems require another aspect suffix.

Mohawk yu- (FA) or hru- (MpA). The historical explanation, however, does not involve Vowel Deletion. Rather, the u of these prefixes may be reconstructed as the sequence *awa; the *aw- belongs to the pronominal prefix, and the following *-a is the initial segment of the stem. For example, Mohawk yutkatkiihthos 'She looks at it' may be reconstructed as *yaw-atkahtho-s (FA-look at-HAB). -wa and awa are permitted in derived forms as the result of morpheme combination. Examples from Mohawk are given in (166), (167), and (168).

For example, in owist6hseral 'butter,' the stem -wistohser- consists of the verb root -wisto- 'to be cold' plus the nominalizer morpheme -hser- (underlying -hsr-). The pronominal prefix that occurs in this noun is the NP yo-; the noun suffix is -al. The noun suffix is suffixed directly to the noun stem. One of several attributive suffixes, such as the diminutive or augmentative, may be added to the noun suffix. The third type of noun is identical in structure to a verb, but syntactically it behaves like a noun (cf.

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