By Nikos Tagmatarchis

This ebook covers the nomenclature and modeling of carbon nanomaterials, comprises examples of surfaces and skinny movies of fullerenes, and examines the morphology and constitution of carbon nanotubes and the characterization of peapod fabrics by using transmission electron microscopy. It additionally provides electro-optical homes and self-assembly and enrichment in carbon nanotubes, by means of thoughts for the chemical functionalization of carbon nanohorns and endohedral metallofullerenes. eventually, the functions of endohedral metallofullerenes in quantum computing and of functionalized carbon nanotubes in medication finish this interesting assessment of the field.

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A) Carbon nanobowls such as C32 H12 (ref. 191), (b) helicine structures C30 H18 , heptahelicene (ref. 229), (c) fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (coronene C24 H12 ), (d) cycloparaphenylene (“carbon nanohoops”) (ref. PNG). 49 March 28, 2012 10:3 PSP Book - 9in x 6in 50 Encyclopedia of Carbon Nanoforms nanohoops” (see Fig. 27d). 226 Different ring sizes have been synthesized ([9]-, [12]- and [18]cycloparaphenylene). ” Finally we make special mention of helicines,227 a special family of helical fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons whose structure represents the core of a screw dislocation in graphite (Fig.

Removing a wedge in this way necessarily results in a non-planar structure to maintain covalent C–C bond lengths. 12. Representation of the possible nanohorns. On the right-hand side the angle of the cone is indicated, on the left-hand side the number of pentagons. The structure with six pentagons is not a nanocone since the “tip angle” is zero. Instead the walls are parallel and the structure is thus a closed nanotube tip. The tip can be considered as half a fullerene. 79 Depending on the protruding length, these agglomerates are classified into durian and dahlia configurations (see Fig.

B) consists of three sets of individual patterns due to the three nanotube shells, with chiral indices (35,14), (37,25), and (40,34), whereas (a) shows a single diffraction set showing all layers exhibit identical chirality. Diffraction images taken from refs. 67 and 68. 73 However, there appears to be far less interest within the literature in nanoscroll synthesis as compared to the nanoforms discussed above. It is likely that many MWCNTs are in fact nanoscrolls, since without detailed diffraction studies it may be difficult to tell them apart.

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