By Roger S. Bagnall, Giovanni R. Ruffini

This quantity offers 455 inscribed pottery fragments, or ostraka, chanced on in the course of NYU’s excavations at Amheida within the western wilderness of Egypt. the bulk date to the past due Roman interval (3rd to 4th century AD), a time of swift social swap in Egypt and the traditional Mediterranean quite often. Amheida used to be a small place of job, and the entire e-book of those short texts illuminates the position of writing within the day-by-day lives of its population. the themes coated through the Amheida ostraka comprise the distribution of nutrients, the management of wells, the economic lives of population, their schooling, and different points of existence ignored in literary resources. The authors offer a whole advent to the technical points of terminology and chronology, whereas additionally situating this crucial proof in its historic, social and neighborhood context.
 
Online variation on hand as a part of the NYU Library's historical global electronic Library and in partnership with the Institute for the examine of the traditional international (ISAW). 
 

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Extra resources for Amheida I: Ostraka from Trimithis, Volume 1

Sample text

The solidus was according to the same text trading at some 7,511 talents, which means that a well would earn a solidus a week if fully engaged at that rate, or 2/3 pound of gold per year. No doubt there were maintenance expenses, but it is unlikely that they took more than a modest fraction of that income. 24 As the previous section showed, on the assumption that the well names on the ostraka indicate rents paid from the use of wells, the house's occupants seem to have had an interest in many wells.

No date is given in the Kellis papyrus. Kellis 27. That would give an early date for Serenos. But this is very insecure, as only the end of the name survives in the unpublished text. The date of the papyrus can, however, hardly be later than 324/5, as the editor observes, because the use of the nomen Valerius for officials disappears, in favor of Flavius, once Constantine gets control of Egypt in 324. Nor could the date be earlier than 307/8, on present evidence, because the pagus system is not known in Egypt before that time.

These attestations of the term add further weight to the argument put forth in the KAB that the measurement at stake is λίθος (or a diminutive),28 not a phonetic error for λίτρα. ), thus further confirming the tentative conclusions put forth about the size of the lithos in the KAB. The second cotton account, 44, contains cotton payments to individuals listed by name. What is striking about these payments is their range, from a fraction of a lithos in one case to over 26 lithoi in another. Two more payments are 11 and 12 lithoi respectively.

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