By Ruth M. Beard

First released in 2006. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.

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Within the first month, which is roughly the duration of stage (i), an assortment of such schemas of action had been built up. In stage (ii) the new ability to follow objects with their eyes allows the infants to explore their surroundings (Obs. 28. Piaget, 1953a). For the first time, at 24 days, Jacqueline lay awake without crying, gazing at objects ahead of her. It was at this stage that new activities appeared which were not directly derived from reflexes; the infants began to co-ordinate movements of the arm and mouth, for example, enabling them to suck their thumbs at will.

In other words, the child does not yet know either how to take account of displacements produced outside his perceptual field or how to picture himself as a moving object in the environment. The organization of spatial groups in this stage also give rise to appreciation of an ordered sequence of events, to some conception of 'before' and 'after' and a more prolonged memory for a sequence of displacements. But when actions are too far separated in time and thus require an exact representative memory to be arranged in order, the child relapses into his earlier difficulties.

When not engaged in sucking to obtain food all three children sucked anything which came in contact with their lips and learned very quickly to relinquish unsatisfactory objects, such as the blanket. Similarly, their hands were constantly in action, grasping what came in contact with them, while a cousin at six days already directed his eyes towards the light. Within the first month, which is roughly the duration of stage (i), an assortment of such schemas of action had been built up. In stage (ii) the new ability to follow objects with their eyes allows the infants to explore their surroundings (Obs.

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