By Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy, Irene S. Lemos
This publication is the main basic reinterpretation of old Greek heritage, tradition, and society in thirty years. The authors refute the conventional view of the Greek darkish Age with facts of a gentle development from Mycenaean kingship to the perception of aristocratic the Aristocracy within the Archaic period.
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Additional info for Ancient Greece: From the Mycenaean Palaces to the Age of Homer
In Attica, Kiafa Thiti and probably Brauron, were fortiﬁed acropolis type settlements (Lauter 1989: 146–9; Papadimitriou 1956: 79–80, said to be MH in date). Conditions were no doubt similar in the Argolid, for at Mycenae there seems to have been an early circuit (Rowe 1954) although Mylonas (1966: 168–9) did not think this wall was MH in date because he found LH IIIB sherds in the ﬁll behind it. At Argos on the Aspis buildings were constructed within a defensive circle as at Malthi (Touchais 1996: 1321–3; 1998, 1999).
Buildings V and VI in the Unterburg, Tiryns, adapted from Kilian 1983, ﬁg. 23 Linear B tablets and sealings (Shelmerdine 1997; Tournavitou 1997a, b). 11 These are likely the places where functionaries worked and lived, and all kinds of specialised activities took place within them. The specialised administrators of these complexes had a vested interest in the maintenance of the socio-political hierarchy, as it insured their proximate position to power, and it was natural for them to emulate the ruling elite and thereby reify their position in terms of social gesture and material display (Elias 1978: 110; Burns 1999: 64–83; Carlier 1987: 271–3; Palaima 2004: 102–6; and Shelmerdine 1997).
Other Anatolian examples are known from a third Hittite palace at Mas¸at [Özgüç 1978: 52–9, pl. 5] and the much earlier palace at Acemhüyük [Neve 1982: 93], the last of which I have personally examined; they consist of massive rounded wooden beams that run through the walls between stacked piers of mudbrick). TECHNICAL APPLICATIONS When we turn to the cutting and preparation of hard stones for decorative elements, we again are faced with innovations. Some of these began in LH IIIA but they are most strongly represented in the ﬁnal installations of LH IIIB (Küpper 1996: 115–18).