By Karen Zagona
This transparent and well-organized booklet is an advent to Spanish syntax that assumes no past wisdom of present thought. Following a descriptive assessment of the foremost features of the grammar, it describes proof approximately Spanish, resembling its notice order, notions of "subject", "direct object", "auxiliary verb" etc... The ebook combines conventional grammatical description with views received from contemporary study within the rules and Parameters framework. It additionally offers beneficial theoretical strategies reminiscent of semantic roles, Case, and Predication.
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Extra info for The Syntax of Spanish (Cambridge Syntax Guides)
71) a. ” b. ) (72) ella], empezó la ﬁesta. ) began the party llegado], empezó la ﬁesta. arrive-pprt. began the party. empezó la ﬁesta. began the party empezó la ﬁesta. began the party a. [De ganar ellos] los felicitaremos. of win-inf. pl. ” b. *[De ellos ganar] los felicitaremos. ) win-inf. pl. Non-declarative ﬁnite clauses generally require a post-verbal subject. This is illustrated below for imperatives (73), constituent questions (74) and exclamatives (75). ) (73) a. Hazlo tú. ” b. 44 (74) a.
30 The syntax of Spanish In (78a), the inﬁnitival subject (José) is Dative, and the object of the inﬁnitive is Accusative. In (78b), the subject of the inﬁnitive (José) is Accusative. Two factors determine the Case of the inﬁnitival subject. The transitivity of the inﬁnitive is one factor. If the inﬁnitive has an Accusative object, the subject is necessarily Dative. That is, the causative “complex” cannot contain two Accusative arguments. A second factor is concerned with the contrast between direct and indirect causation.
For most speakers, optional agent phrases headed by por are impossible, both on passive and middle readings. The middle and passive constructions are superﬁcially identical, but the two can be diﬀerentiated on the basis of their argument structure and associated temporal properties. Passives, but not middles, have an implicit agent. This is shown by the fact that with agent-oriented adverbs and purpose clauses, only the passive interpretation is grammatical: (116) a. El coche se movió voluntariamente.